Rossiiskii Onkologicheskii Zhurnal

1504-006
COMBINED POSITRON EMISSION AND COMPUTER TOMOGRAPHY IN DIAGNOSTICS OF PRIMARY METASTASES IN THE LYMPH NODES OF THE NECK
Kulikov E.P., Zaharkina Tat’yana V., Chevardov N.I., Chernicyn K.I., Redkin A.N., Ryzhih O.V.

I.P. Pavlov Ryazan State Medical University, 390026, Ryazan, Russian Federation; Inter-region medical center of early diagnosis and treatment of cancer, 394033, Voronezh, Russian Federation; Voronezh state medical academy named after N.N. Burdenko, 394036, Voronezh, Russian Federation
Abstract: The efficiency of combined positron emission and computer tomography in the diagnostics of primary metastatic lymph nodes of the neck was analyzed. We determined that f this method provided additional information about progression and localization of primary tumors in 80% of patients. At the same time, primary tumor was identified in 27% of the completely examined patients and metastatic lesions in other organs and lymph nodes were detected in 47% of these patients.
Keywords: первично-метастатическое поражение, лимфатические узлы шеи, совмещенная позитронно-эмиссионная и компьютерная томография, primary metastases, lymph nodes of the neck, combined positron emission and computer tomography

1504-009
MAMMOGRAPHIC SCREENING (STATE OF THE ART AND PERSPECTIVES)
Komarova Lyudmila E.

N.N. Blokhin Russian Cancer Research Center, 115478, Moscow, Russian Federation
Abstract: The paper discusses mammographic screening effectiveness in different countries. Large-scale epidemiological studies have demonstrated effectiveness of mammographic screening (early stage of diagnostic, less aggressive treatment, better cosmetic results), however benefits are still the subject to debate. The author presents different opinions concerning the real impact of screening and modern treatment methods in breast cancer mortality decrease as a result of screening.
Keywords: маммографический скрининг, рак молочной железы, гипердиагностика, ложноположительные заключения, mammography screening, breast cancer, effectiveness, decrease of breast cancer mortality